Most commonly known as the psilocybe cubeensis, psilocybe cactus is actually a separate species from the psilocybe family, which includes all the fungi that share this body structure. Characteristic features of psilocybe cactus are its fleshy and leathery appearance and the fact that it contains a colored pigment (usually green or purple) in addition to the psilocybe alkaloids and psilocybe carotenoids. Psilocybe cactus is a natural product which is found growing naturally in numerous areas around the world such as Southern France, Egypt, the United States, Argentina, Brazil, the Philippines, and a few other places. It has also been cultivated artificially and produces a controlled product with similar qualities and properties. In the laboratory, psilocybe has also been used for the synthesis of psilocybe alkaloids and psilocybe carotenoids.
Physiology and metabolism of psilocybe Cubensis. These mushrooms are considered to be an exceptional and unusual combination of fungi which share similar characteristics. They are closely related to the fungi which produce wine, but they have some key differences. Psilocybe Cubensis has the capacity to grow in extremely cold and warm temperature ranges and in varying soil and pH conditions. In the natural environment, this species is usually found growing in low-lying areas in coastal regions near flowing rivers and seas.
Identification and further research on Psilocybe Cubensis. The psilocybe Cubensis spores are generally oval in shape and contain two to five black eyes, which are broadly pointed and which function like that of a mosquito’s tail. The spores can be identified using a microscope and they also appear colored yellowish. Spores of psilocybe are usually small and round in size with an equal diameter around. Mycelia refers to both the cover of the interior of the mushrooms structure and the mycelium itself.
Growth and physical features of Psilocybe Cubensis. It grows in a variety of geographical locations such as North America, Asia, France, China, Argentina, New Zealand, South Africa and in Europe. In its native environment, psilocybe grows as a tall ciliate which flowers to form large fruiting bodies which dry up and drop off. Later, the spores of this species are picked and mixed with saliva of a flycatcher or other such species to generate new psilocybin mushrooms.
Growth habit of psilocybe cubensis. As mentioned above, it normally grows as a ciliate with a cap full of yellowish and white foam at the top. Other distinguishing features of psilocybe cubensis include a short cap and a fleshy feel to its surface. It also has yellowish veil remnants which are essentially false skin and which, when touched to the skin will turn to a color similar to that of fresh lemons.
Identification. Microscopical analysis of this psilocybe species has revealed that it belongs to a family of fungi called Pinctadae (pronounced ‘piss-tee-uh). These related species are collectively called Coccineae.
Abnormal and exceptional colouration of its external portions are also unique to psilocybe cubensis, together with the presence of psilocybe mushroom parts (especially the caps). In addition, some specialists consider it to be the most common dung-loving species in nature. The scientific name of this fungal species is Chlorophyllum pomonella and there are about 2021 different species known worldwide. Some of them are known from dried and compressed extracts and are included in the list of mushrooms considered to be psilocybe.
Dung is considered to be a vital food source for these magic mushrooms. Substrates prepared from these fungi contain valuable sources of carbohydrates, proteins and fat, while other ingredients such as alkaline, vitamins, sugar and various salts are also important for successful reproduction of the fruiting bodies. Substrate preparation includes soaking the dried and compressed stems in alkaline water for several hours before using. Fruits are then cultured in mushroom molds and subsequently processed for manufacturing different varieties of magic mushroom products like spores, capsules, liqueur, tea and liquor.